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Accord­ing to the litur­gic­al arrange­ment of the Cath­ol­ic Church, the cel­eb­ra­tion of the des­cent of the Holy Spir­it last Sunday marked the end of the Paschal peri­od and the begin­ning of the “Ordin­ary Time.” How­ever, the two Sundays after the Sunday of the Holy Spir­it are des­ig­nated as solem­nit­ies. Solem­nit­ies because they are spe­cial Sundays that call our atten­tion to cent­ral mys­ter­ies of the Cath­ol­ic faith. The Solem­nity of the Most Holy Trin­ity. This feast invites us to con­sider what we believe about God, who has revealed Him­self to us in the Trin­ity – one God in three persons.

The Trinity in the Hebrew (Old) Testament

Is there any sign or men­tion of the trin­ity in the Hebrew (Old) Cov­en­ant? There is no absurdity involved when it is con­ten­ded that plur­al­ity can (and does) coex­ist with unity.  For instance, the bond of mar­it­al uni­on – Adam and Eve becom­ing one flesh, 1+1=1 (cf. Gen 2:24). Begin­ning from Gen­es­is 1:1, Elo­him is a plur­al noun used with sin­gu­lar verbs. This plur­al­ity even shows up in the Eng­lish trans­la­tions in the fol­low­ing pas­sages: Gen 1:26; 3:22; and 11:7 (cf. also Eccle­si­ast­es 12: and Isa 54:5 with source texts also in the plur­al). Again, in the fam­ous vis­ion of the throne of God in Isai­ah 6, we have the scene in the holy place of the holy ones, cel­eb­rated by the ser­aph­im with veiled faces before them chant­ing Holy, Holy, Holy. The same triple declar­a­tion of Holy is also found in Rev­el­a­tion 4:8. Fur­ther­more, in Isai­ah 6:8 we also find this plur­al “Who shall go for us?” Are there instances of the doc­trine of the trin­ity in the Hebrew (Old) Test­a­ment? Let us reflect on the fol­low­ing points.…..


The cel­eb­ra­tion of the Most Holy Trin­ity is an oppor­tun­ity for ret­ro­spec­tion. Jesus prayed that the dis­ciples be one just as God the Fath­er, God the Son and God the Holy Spir­it are one. Chris­ti­ans have no option than to imit­ate and abide by this Trin­it­ari­an unity. The Gos­pel read­ing is a glor­i­ous chant of the sav­ing activ­ity of the trin­ity. God the Fath­er who did not hes­it­ate in send­ing his Son for the sal­va­tion of man­kind; and the Son who prom­ised his dis­ciples the gift of the Holy Spir­it to be sent by the Fath­er; and the Holy Spir­it who has con­tin­ue to com­fort, guide, illu­mine and dir­ect the chil­dren of God. John was not mis­taken when he says any­one who accepts the testi­mony of the One sent by God “has cer­ti­fied that God is true. He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for he gives the Spir­it without meas­ure” (John 3:33–34). In fact, “the Fath­er loves the Son and has placed all things in his hands. And no one can enter the king­dom of God unless he or she is born of water and the Holy Spir­it” (John 3:35.5). 

SUNDAY REFLECTIONS” (vols. I‑II-III)!! The reflec­tion for the Most Holy Trin­ity is found in
The Word of Life, vol. III, pages 298–304. Happy reading!

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